婴儿吸吮科学

成功的母乳喂养依赖于母亲与宝宝的互动。为了理解和解决婴儿吸吮问题,首先要理解泌乳、乳汁排出的解剖学和生理学原理。美德乐及西澳洲大学的顶尖专家们对哺乳期乳房解剖学进行了研究(Ramsay et al,2005 )。这场突破性的研究对原有的认识提出了质疑,进而改写了许多教科书的内容。随后,将这项新成果应用到探索哺乳时婴儿吸出乳汁的研究中。

吸吮周期

西澳洲大学通过使用超声波和负压测量方法,探究了哺乳过程中的婴儿吸吮。

在一个吸吮周期过程中,开始负压处于基线水平,在舌向下运动时,口腔负压增加,当舌抵达最低点时,口腔负压达到峰值。在舌向下时,母乳开始流出。然后舌头上升,重新回到基线 - 母乳停止流出。

婴儿吸吮周期

重大发现

婴儿吸吮运动详情
  1. 负压在乳汁排出过程中发挥着重要作用
  2. 舌头并不没有明显的“滚动挤压”
  3. 乳头没有有明显的被压扁的迹象
  4. 乳头前端没有顶到软/硬颚连接处
超声波视频

可在此观看吸吮周期的超声波影像

可在此慢速播放,以便您看到舌头的动作。

为了加强理解,现已在图像上放了一张覆盖图。

研究摘要
Anatomy of the lactating human breast redefined with ultrasound imaging(英语)

The aim of this study was to use ultrasound imaging to re-investigate the anatomy of the lactating breast. The breasts of 21 fully lactating women ...

Ramsay DT, Kent JC, Hartmann RA and Hartmann PE (2005)

Journal of Anatomy 206, 525-534
Tongue movement and intra-oral vacuum in breastfeeding infants(英语)

The mechanism by which the breastfeeding infant removes milk from the breast is still controversial. It is unclear whether the infant uses predominantly intra-oral vacuum ...

Geddes, D.T., Kent, J.C., Mitoulas, L.R. and Hartmann, P.E. (2008)

Early Human Development 84: 471-477
参考文献

Kent, J.C., Mitoulas, L.R., Cregan, M.D., Geddes, D.T., Larsson, M., Doherty, D.A. and Hartmann, P.E. Importance of vacuum for breastmilk expression. Breastfeeding Medicine 3(1): 11 - 19 (2008)

Geddes, D.T., Langton, D.B., Gollow, I., Jacobs, L.A., Hartmann, P.E. and Simmer, K. Frenulotomy for breastfeeding infants with ankyloglossia: Effect on milk removal and sucking mechanism as imaged by ultrasound. Pediatrics 122: e188 - e194 (2008)

McClellan, H.L, Geddes, D.T., Kent, J.C., Garbin, C.P., Mitoulas, L.R. and Hartmann, P.E. Infants of mothers with persistent nipple pain exert strong sucking vacuums. Acta Paediatrica (2008)

Woolridge, M.W. The anatomy of infant sucking: Midwifery Dec; 2(4): 164-71 (1986)sucking baby on mothers breast